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THE WORKS OF PB/N-N/TH-                                       231
Persian and Arabic sources. The writer, a Kshatriya by caste, lived at the
beginning of the eighteenth century, and was under the special patronage of
Chhattras&L the famous Baja of Panna in BundelkKand, who is commonly said
by the Muhammadans to have been converted to Islam, though in reality he
only went as far as Pran-nath., who endeavoured to make a compromise between
the two religions. His followers are sometimes called Dhamis, from Dkdm, a
name of the supreme spirit, or Parmatxna, and like the Sikhs and several of
the later Hindu sects are not idolaters, so far that they do not make or rever-
eacs any image of the divinity, but if they have any temple at all, the only
object of religions veneration which it contains is a copy of the works of the
founder,, His treatises, whichj as usiaal^ are all in verse,, axe fourteen in. num-
ber, none of them of very great length, and bear the following titles :1, The
book of Ms ; 2, of Prakas ; 35 of Shat-rit; 45 of Kalas ; 5, of Sanandh ; 6, of
Kirantan ; 79 of Khulasa ; 8, of Khel-bai; 9, -of Prakrama EMM Dulhan (an
allegory In which the Church^ or s Bride of God,' is represented as a holy city) ;
10, of Sagar Singar ; 11, of Bare SIngar ; 12, of Sidhi Bhasa ; 13, of Marafat
Sagar ; 14, of Kiyamat-nama. Tae shortest is the last, of which I now pro-
ceed 10 give the test, followed by an attempt at a translation, which I am
afraid is not altogether free from error, as I am not much versed in Kuranic
literature aad may have misunderstood some of the allusions. The owner of
the MS*? Karak Das by name, though professing so liberal a creed^ was not a 
particularly enlightened follower of Ms master^ for I found it impossible to
convince him that the Isa of the Elnjan, so repeatedly mentioned by Pi4n-n&iih,
was really the same as the incarnate God worsMpped by the English. Like
most of the Bairagis and Gosains with whom I have talked, his idea was that
the fiery and impetuous foreign rulers of the country were S'firaj-bansis^ or
descendants of the sun,, and that the sun was the only God they recognized, as
vm evidenced by their keeping the Sunday holy in Ms honour.
But, "without further prefaces to proceed to the text of the poem.   It stands
as follows ;
II                II
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